With most of the big banks very willing to talk about all they are doing for the climate, collectively they’re still funnelling hundreds of billions of €’s every year into new fossil fuel projects. Banks must commit to stop funding new fossil fuels, now.
We’re demanding banks put an immediate freeze on:
- any new fossil fuel project finance
- organising or underwriting of bonds and shares for companies aiming to build and operate fossil fuel infrastructure projects
Over the last 5 years the banks below have provided finance of over €80bn to the six companies that make up TAP. While the public banks EIB and EBRD are considering multi billion Euro loans to the TAP company, private banks are eagerly waiting to join the project should the public banks give it the green light.
We can and must disrupt the flows of finance to the biggest new fossil fuel projects in Europe and beyond. Use the bank letter template below and plan an action with friends at your local bank branch or office and demand they stop funding fossil fuel projects and companies like TAP.
Find out more about the private banks that will most likely fund TAP and why:
Société Generale been the financial advisor to the TAP project since 2013. Typically a bank which provides financial advice goes on to provide project finance. Given its direct finance for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in 2004 and direct finance for the Dakota Access Pipeline it’s a prime contender to be approached by the TAP company for financial support.
Press reports in March 2017 suggest that the Azerbaijan government has been approaching Crédit Agricole to support the pipeline. Given its direct finance for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in 2004 and direct finance for the Dakota Access Pipeline it’s a prime contender to be approached by the TAP company for financial support.
Intesa bank in Italy already has a role working as TAP’s ‘compensation’ bank in Albania and Greece. Landowners or residents impacted by the TAP construction and pipeline routing might get some compensation – the only way for them to receive this compensation is to for them to open an account with Intesa. Given its direct finance for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in 2004 and direct finance for the Dakota Access Pipeline it’s also a prime contender to be approached by the TAP company for financial support.
In March this year, UniCredit, Citi and JPMorgan Chase arranged bonds for the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) company, helping the company raise capital totalling $1 billion.
They’ve all provided finance for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in 2004, and Citi + JPMorgan Chase are currently financing the companies behind the Dakota Access Pipeline.
The fact that they have already ‘facilitated’ capital for the SGC company makes them legitimate targets to pressure against further direct project finance for TAP.
While the above banks are in our opinion most likely to finance TAP, it’s highly likely that any of Europe’s big banks – banks already financing new fossil fuels projects across the globe with hundreds of billions of euros – could be approached by the TAP company for support.
Below is the list of banks noted in Banking on Climate Change, a report released earlier this year detailing the finance being provided to some of the biggest new fossil fuel projects across the globe.
|HSBC||$5.338 B||$5.766 B||$2.088 B||$13.192 B|
|BARCLAYS||$4.346 B||$3.801 B||$4.381 B||$12.528 B|
|DEUTSCHE BANK||$3.282 B||$5.655 B||$2.620 B||$11.556 B|
|BNP PARIBAS||$3.743 B||$2.158 B||$1.939 B||$7.840 B|
|CREDIT SUISSE||$2.301 B||$2.584 B||$1.842 B||$6.727 B|
|SOCIÉTÉ GÉNÉRALE||$1.449 B||$3.241 B||$1.363 B||$6.053 B|
|SANTANDER||$547 M||$956 M||$2.237 B||$3.740 B|
|CRÉDIT AGRICOLE||$1.022 B||$1.335 B||$1.352 B||$3.709 B|
|UBS||$1.577 B||$1.261 B||$862 M||$3.699 B|
|ROYAL BANK OF SCOTLAND||$2.265 B||$929 M||$122 M||$3.316 B|
|ING||$844 M||$1.488 B||$963 M||$3.295 B|
Europe’s dash for gas is being driven by a small handful of largely public institutions and in collaboration with the big oil and gas transnationals such as BP, Shell, SOCAR, Gazprom and Exxon.
While the European Commission justifies it’s planned tripling of gas infrastructure across the region on energy security and diversity of supply, the truth of the matter seems much more closely connected to a small number of special interest groups looking to profit from the creation of a new market in gas.
Some not so well known companies to keep an eye on include:
Axpo – Is a Swiss based company, owned by the cantons (municipalities) in the North East of Switzerland. It holds a 5% stake in the TAP pipeline.
Fluxy’s – Is a Belgium based group, who’s stated mission is to create a new market for gas in Europe. Maximising liquidity is what they’re about – that means how to covert capital to money as quickly as possible. It holds a 19% stake in the TAP pipeline.
Snam – owns and operates the Italian gas network and holds a 20% stake in TAP.
These companies appear in project after project, be that the mega pipelines or new LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) terminals or harbours. While they don’t do the extraction (thats for the transnational mentioned above), they’re building the infrastructure and trading structures to maximise profit from fossil fuel combustion once it’s been dug up.